Annotated Bibliography

Faulkner, William. “Appendix: Compson, 1699 – 1945.” The Sound and the Fury. A Norton Critical Edition, 2nd edition, ed. 203-217. David Minter. New York and London: W.W. Norton, 1994.  Written as an addition to his novel, The Sound and The Fury, William Faulkner describes each of the characters of the Compson family, those in the story, as well as their ancestors.  He also describes the Native Americans that were dispossessed prior to Compson inhabitance.  Although the story ends in 1928, the character descriptions extend to 1945.  This appendix is helpful to the reader to better understand the Compson family and its history, as well as the history of Yoknapatawpha County.

Galloway, Patricia. “The Construction of Faulkner’s Indians.” Faulkner Journal 18.1: 9-31.
Literary Reference Center. EBSCO. 27 Apr. 2009 <;.  In Galloway’s scholarly article, she claims that Faulkner used both historical and popular culture ideas in his regard to Indians.  Galloway provides information from the beginning of Faulkner’s historical timeline and tells how part of it is implausible, and then touches on where Faulkner’s three Indian stories might fit in historically.  The article describes the clear cultural conflicts in Faulkner’s writing such as his giving his Indian stories similar social structure as anglo saxon families with the husband ruling, yet in the actual Chikasaw culture, women governed the homes.  This source gave an interesting point of view that more importantly provided much historical context for Yoknapatawpha and was well organized and easy to navigate.

Kerr, Elizabeth M. “The Mythology of Yoknapatawpha.” William Faulkner’s Yoknapatawpha. Fordham UP, 1985. 85-238. Literary Reference Center. EBSCO. 27 Apr. 2009 <;.  In Kerr’s scholarly article, she argues that the mythological representation of Yoknapatawpha displays the social codes and ruling principle within the community.  Kerr goes on to claim that Faulkner’s individual literary works are irrelevant unless they are placed into the greater history of Yoknapatawpha.  Only when the history is view holistically can a person see the consistent truths that give the tale true meaning.  The article goes on to discuss the myths within The Sound and The Fury  and draw many parallels between parts of Yoknapatawpha.  Overall, the source was somewhat helpful though the information needed from the article was more buried.

Kodat, Catherine Gunther. “Posting Yaknapatawpha.” Mississippi Quarterly 57.4: 593-618. Literary Reference Center. EBSCO. 28 Apr. 2009 <>.  In Kodat’s scholarly article, she begins by offering that Faulkner’s use of repetition in his Yaknapatawpha stories is a vital element to the genius of his writing.  The article explains how Faulkner recycled ideas both thematically and stylistically, and how this repetition gives the imaginary county a strong historical context to support the themes Faulkner tackles.  Kodat goes on to explain that even though Faulkner’s later work had noticeably more errors within the Yoknapatawpha history, she believes that the later works are still more powerful.  This article was definitely informative, but more importantly it gave Kodat’s strong opinion on the meaning of Yoknapatawpha.

McHaney, Thomas L. “First Is Jefferson: Faulkner Shapes His Domain.” Mississippi Quarterly 57.4: 511-34. Literary Reference Center. EBSCO. 27 Apr. 2009 <;.  McHaney begins his scholarly article by claiming that Faulkner shaped Yoknapatawpha by not only what he said about it, but what he didn’t say about it.  McHaney describes many of Faulkner’s “Yoknapatawpha books” that barely or never mention the county specifically.  Many of Faulkner’s works show the county through a young boy’s eyes and many from outsiders, allowing Faulkner to mold Yoknapatawpha without the necessity of mentioning it often.  This article was quite unique in that it focusing on how Faulkner specifically shaped the county for his reader rather than focusing on historical information.     

Urgo, Joseph R. “The Yoknapatawpha Project: The Map of a Deeper Existence.” Mississippi Quarterly 57.4: 639-55. Literary Reference Center. EBSCO. 27 Apr. 2009
<;.  In Urgo’s scholarly article, he suggests that Yoknapatapha isn’t merely a setting for Faulkner’s writings, but is a mode of consciousness and in its own way, a perspective on life.  Urgo explains that Yoknapatawpha is based on the genealogy of its residents and draws parallels between the residents and Adam and Eve challenging paradise.  The article describes how Mississippi typically represents things that have failed the United States, while Faulkner’s Yoknapatawpha represents defiance to place.  Faulkner’s characters aren’t interesting because they follow along with their communities, but because they rebel against the supposed paradise they have evolved from.  This analysis was extremely helpful in finding meaning and parallels within the county.      

Winston, Jay S. “Going Native in Yoknapatawpha: Faulkner’s Fragmented American and ‘The Indian.'”  Faulkner Journal 18.1: 129. EBSCO. 27 Apr. 2009.  In his scholarly article, Winston asserts that Faulkner wrote his stories using Yoknapatawpha and Indians in order to forge a bond with past history and in a way transcend the conflicts it caused within himself.  The article discusses how Yoknapatawpha County is based on Lafayette County where Faulkner grew up.  The etymology of the word is then described and examined with various interpretations.  In the article, Faulkner is quoted describing the Indians from his county, and in a way he is expressing how they became the land, and with their banishment, a piece of his home was taken with them.  The article does an excellent of putting the county into historical perspective and showing its direct relationship to Faulkner’s actual hometown.

Published on May 5, 2009 at 12:37 am  Leave a Comment  

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